UPSC Exam Date, Eligibility, Exam Pattern, And Syllabus – UPSC Exam 2023
What is UPSC?
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central institution of India. This institution (UPSC) conducts examinations for about 24 posts like Civil Examination IAS, IFS, NDA, CDS, and SCRA. Or to say that it is the responsible agency for examination of the employees of Group A and B of Indian and Central Services.
After independence, it was renamed as Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in 1950 by making some changes in the Public Service Commission (PSC) and expanding its rights. Its main function is to select first and second-class officers or civil servants. Apart from IAS / IPS, many other Grade A and Grade B officers are recruited through UPSC itself.
Examinations conducted by UPSC
- Civil Service Examination (CSE)
- Engineering Services Examination (ESE)
- Combined Defense Service Exam (CDSE)
- National Defense Examination (NDA)
- Indian Forest Service (IFS)
- Apart from this, many other examinations are conducted by UPSC UPSC.
This examination has to be given to become a collector If you want to become a collector, after graduation you have to give CSE (Civil Service Examination) organized by UPSC.
A long time ago, the establishment of such a commission was considered in the Indian Government Legislation of 1919 itself. But this commission could not be created at that time for several reasons. A Royal Commission was set up for its establishment in 1923 by the English ruler Lord Lee for discussion. The purpose of this commission was to emphasize the establishment of this commission. So that this commission can be established as soon as possible. After giving its views on the establishment of this commission, this commission was established on October 1926. The purpose of the establishment of this commission was to recruit officers for big posts. Its first president was Sir Ross Barker.
What are the functions of UPSC, other than exams?
Apart from getting exams up to the national level, this commission performs many duties, which you should know. This commission works from time to time to make rules for recruits and make changes to them. This commission also undertakes the task of forming several types of committees for the promotion of the department. If a case has been given by the President, then work to resolve it. Not only this, but this commission also does the work of controlling the big exams and getting them done with complete safety and care.
UPSC Eligibility Criteria 2023
- The candidate should have a degree from a government-recognized university.
- If you are in your final year or are waiting for the result, you can also apply for the preliminary examination.
- All such candidates who are eligible to appear for the IAS examination will have to provide proof of their examination passing along with the application for the Main Examination.
- Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications are recognized by the government as equivalent to technical and professional degrees.
- Medical students who have passed their MBBS final exam but have not yet had an internship can also apply for IS. However, the Main Examination Application Course Completion Certificate from where they have done their course will have to be submitted.
- Students who have completed their graduation.
- Students who are studying in the final year of their graduation or in the last semester.
Age Limit for UPSC:
- The minimum age for general category candidates to give UPSC is 21 years and the maximum of 32 years (maximum 6 times)
- ST-SC candidates are given 5 years of relaxation within the age limit. (Unlimited till age 37)
- OBC students are given relaxation in the age limit of 3 years. (Maximum 9 times or up to the age of 35)
|Categories||Minimum Age Limit|
|Physically Disabled Candidates||42 years|
|Other Backward Classes (OBC)||35 years|
|Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)||32 years|
Number of Attempts in UPSC
- Normal class students can attempt up to 6 times.
- OBC The attempt limit is 9 times for the students of the class.
- There is no limit to the attempt for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, they can attempt this exam any time they want.
- Physically disabled general and OBC The limit of attempt is 9 times for the students of the class, while there is no limit to the efforts for physically challenged students of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
|Category||No. of Attempts for UPSC CSE|
|SC/ST||Till the Age Limit|
|Physically disabled Candidates||☆ For General and OBC candidates 9 Attempts|
☆ For SC/ST candidates Unlimited attempts up to Age Limit
UPSC 2023: Important Exam Dates:
|UPSC Events||UPSC Exam Dates|
|UPSC 2021 Mains||7th-16th January 2022|
|UPSC 2022 Notification||2nd February 2022|
|UPSC 2022 Start Date to fill forms||2nd February 2022|
|UPSC 2022 Last Date to fill forms||22nd February 2022|
|UPSC 2022 Prelims Exam||5th June 2022|
|UPSC 2022 Mains Exam||16th September 2022 onwards|
|UPSC 2022 Results||To be Announced|
|UPSC 2022 Interview/ Personality Test||The first half, 2023|
- UPSC Application form 2022: The application forms for UPSC were released on 2nd February 2022. The application form was shorter than a month, which is unlike previous years. The UPSC 2022 application process started on 2nd February and the last date of application was 22nd February.
- UPSC admit card 2022: The hall ticket for UPSC was released by UPSC in May 2022. Candidates were able to download it after logging into their accounts.
- UPSC 2022 exam date: UPSC 2022 was held on 5th June 2022( Prelims Exam) and on 16th September 2022 to Onwards (Mains Exam).
- UPSC answer key 2022: A provisional answer key of UPSC 2022 has been released by UPSC on October 15. This will be followed by the release of the final answer key, which is generally released along with the result.
- UPSC result 2022: UPSC is sending the UPSC result/scorecard on November 1. The scorecards are being sent to the candidates via their email and the UPSC result 2022 is also released on the official website soon. UPSC 2022 results will be accompanied by the cut-off for this year.
- UPSC 2022 Personality/Interview Date: UPSC conducts Interviews for Selected Candidates in the First half of 2023.
UPSC Exam pattern:
This exam is done in 3 parts which are like this.
- Preliminary examination
- Main exam
Phase 1: UPSC Preliminary Examination
In this phase of the examination, we have to give two papers, the first is General Studies which comes as the first question paper and the second paper is the Civil Services Aptitude Test. Each paper is 200 marks and all the questions are Objective Type, which gives you four hours to solve, that is, two hours for each question paper. An important thing related to this exam is that the result of the preliminary examination (sum of marks) is not added to the final examination and without passing the preliminary examination you cannot even give the main exam. Only the marks earned in the main examination and interview are added to the final merit of the IAS exam and your rank is determined accordingly.
There are two components in UPSC Prelims (phase 1)
Broadly, there are two types of paper: Civil Services Primary Examination. Each paper is of 200 numbers. That is why 400 number questions are asked by mixing the total. A time of 2 hours is given for both papers. To sit in Civil Services Mains, it is necessary to pass both these papers. Apart from this, the UPSC General Studies paper consists of 100 questions while the CSAT paper has 80 questions. Negative marking is done if the wrong answer means 1/3 of the number of the question whose number is deducted.
On answering every question correctly, two numbers are found. That is why if someone gives a wrong answer, then their number 0.66 is deducted. Similarly, 80 questions are asked in the CSAT paper which are 200 numbers. In which 2.5 number is given on giving the correct answer, that’s why 0.833 number of people who give the wrong answer are deducted. If a question is not answered, no number is deducted for it.
1. General Studies
General Studies Examination is the first paper of the Preliminary Examination. From this test, the general awareness of the candidate is found, under which the subjects are as follows. Indian Polity, Geography, History, Indian Economy, Science and Technology, Environment and Ecology, International relations, and associated UPSC current affairs.
2. Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)
- The purpose of keeping the CSAT test under UPSC is to check the Aptitude Ability Reasoning and Analytical of the candidate.
- Through Comprehension, the redding of the candidate is checked, as well as his decision-making ability is also checked through Decision Making Questions.
- Negative marking is not done on questions that are in decision-making.
- The preliminary examination is for screening the candidate for the further status of the exam.
- The marks obtained in the prelims will not be added while reaching the final rank list.
Phase 2: UPSC Mains Exam
- Mains examination is known as the second stage exam of the Civil Services Examination. Yes, the answers are passed in the Preliminary Examination, only then I can qualify for the Examination.
- Mains examination falls deep into the academic talent of the candidate and also checks their ability to understand, hence questions based on that time are asked.
- UPSC’s main examination paper is taken out of which two papers are of 300 numbers.
- Any Indian language paper
- English language paper
Structure of Langauge elevation
- Essay – 100 marks
- Precise Writing – 60 marks
- Reading comprehension – 60 marks
- Translation: English to Hindi (compulsory language) – 20 marks (compulsory language) Hindi to English – 20 marks
- Grammar and basic language – 40 marks
Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper-I)
History of India and Indian National Movement (History of India and Indian National Movement. Current events of national and international importance Indian Polity and Governance Indian and World Geography-Physical. Economic and Social Development General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change Syllabus for CSAT Paper (Prelims Paper-II)
Comprehension, General mental ability – General mental ability Interpersonal skills including communication skills – Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Logical reasoning and analytical ability – Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision-making and problem solving – Decision-making and problem solving
General mental ability – General mental abilityBasic Number – Basic numeracy
UPSC Mains Syllabus
There are a total of nine papers in this exam and there are about 180 to 200 questions with a total of 1750 marks. Three hours are fixed for each paper.
- First Question Paper: In this, you have to choose one language out of eighteen Indian languages, based on which this paper is, and it is of 300 marks which consist of 20 to 25 questions. And keep in mind that even the marks of this paper are not added to the final result.
- Second question paper: This question paper is in English language and it is also 300 marks and marks of this paper are also not included in the final result.
- Third question paper: This is a paper of Essay Writing which is in two sections, in which an essay has to be written on one topic from each section and this paper is 250 marks. The marks in this paper are added to the final result.
- Fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh question papers: All these papers are of general studies and each paper carries 250 marks. All these papers are taken to examine the understanding of your social, economic, etc. issues. In which your understanding and knowledge are tested in various issues and circumstances.
- Eighth and Ninth Question Paper: Both these papers are Optional Papers that you can choose according to your interest. Each question paper is 250 marks and the marks of both these papers are added to the final result.
They are held between February to April. This is the last and most important phase of this civil service examination, after you pass the main examination (written), you are called for an interview. The interview is for a total of 750 marks and the marks earned in it are added to your merit list. We can give the interviewer in our favorite languages like Hindi or English, etc. Interviews are generally held between February to April.
- Identity card: IDs such as Aadhaar cards, ration cards, bank account passbooks, passports, or any other government photo IDcardsd are required to fill the online application form.
- Personal details: Personal and communication details such as the candidate and parents’ name, date of birth, permanent and corresponding address, active email ID, and mobile number.
- Images: Scanned images of recent passport size photograph, postcard size photograph, signature, and left thumb impression.
How to fill UPSC Application Form 2023?
- First Step Log in to the official website of UPSC and search a link for “Application Form”.
- Once you get the link then click on it and the application form window will be opened consisting of 2 stages of registration- part I & Part II.
- click on Part I registration & fill in all the details as required in the application form.
- Once all the details are entered, you have to click on submit. On submission, a registration ID will be generated.
- Now the applicants will have to proceed with Part II registration by using the registration ID generated during Part I registration.
- Here you have to choose the examination you want to appear for.
- The next step is to upload the scanned images of your photograph & signature in the specified format.
- Now pay the application fee as mentioned on the website.
- On successful completion of the application fee, the registration process will be completed.
- The applicants can take down the printout of their online submitted application forms for future reference.
- Here you are online for filling completely.
How to prepare for UPSC Exam:
This is a very high-level exam, so do not consider it easy. There is a lot of tough competition in this exam. Many people do not succeed in this examination even after years of hard work. If you really want to succeed in this UPSC, then you have to take special care of these things.
There are many coaching in the country for the preparation of IAS / IPS which you can join. There you will be kept updated with every new information/news/information etc. and you will also get a reading environment. Along with this, many years of paper and study material, etc. will be made available to you through coaching.
The help of the Internet: Today every person has access to the Internet, so it is better that you use it properly to increase your knowledge and keep reading previous years’ papers, general knowledge, news, etc.
Read Newspaper: This is the best way to increase your knowledge, you should make a habit of reading many newspapers in Hindi and English every day. If possible, join a library where you will get to read all the newspapers together.
Choose the optional subject wisely:
In UPSC, every student has to choose his / her subject, friends, you should always be cautious while choosing the optional subject. The subject that you are interested in reading should be chosen as an optional subject. You always like to read the subject, the subject about which you have all the information, if you choose the options subject of UPSC, then you can easily succeed. In politics, the optional subject is very important, so choose the optional subject wisely.
Read NCERT Books :
Students when you start studying UPSC, first of all, you should read NCERT. By reading NCERT books, the foundation of your studies is fully formed. Once you understand NCERT, then you are ready to study UPSC Mains. By reading NCERT, you get the basic information of every subject completely, that is why it is said that it is very important to read NCERT. You should study NCERT thrice before starting UPSC studies. If you do not study NCERT, you will not get basic information on any subject, so you cannot study well in the days ahead. Therefore it is very important to read NCERT.
The proper place for UPSC Exam preparation
If you have less time and want to study more, then make sure to place proper. A place where you can study alone for a long time. If you are sitting with family members and talking with your friends, then you will remember very little. So it is important to choose a good place so that you can sit alone and study for a long time.
You all will know that to crack any exam, the most important thing is to work hard. And at the same time, you will need a timetable, often many students commit mistakes because they do not study on time. Due to this, they are unable to pass the exam quickly. That is why the timetable is very important. If you work on time, then your chances of success will increase.
Do not take stress while studying
It is the mistake of most students that they start taking more stress on anything, so if you have any problem, then talk to your parents for a solution, because if you do not stress-free. Then you will not be able to read well. That is why do not take stress, so if you take stress, you may suffer a lot. This can cause you a health problem.
Practice test Papers :
If you study hard, then one thing you should know is that whatever you study, you keep practicing for it, this will allow you to guess what you have studied, do you remember it? You will be able to forget things you have always remembered.
Frequently Asked Questions about UPSC :
1. What is the Full form of UPSC?
Answer: The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission and Union Public Service Commission in Hindi. It is a national-level institution. This institution conducts many big exams at the national level and it is an organization run by the Government of India. You also know how big the duty is to get many types of big exams done every year.
2. What types of exams conduct at UPSC?
Answer: Upsc offers many exams up to the national level. Following are the names of some exams –
- Civil service exam
- Engineering Services Examination
- Nine military academy exam
- Indian Forest Service Examination
- Joint Medical Services Examination
- Combined Defense Services Examination
- Central Armed Police Force Examination
- CISF related exam
3. Where do you get a job after clearing the UPSC?
Answer: As above that UPSC conducts different exams, so it depends on which exam you are conducting by UPSC. If you clear the CSE Civil Service exam conducted by UPSC, then you can go to the posts of Group A officers like Collector, Additional Collector, Secretary, etc. Apart from CSE, many other exams like ESE, CDS, NDA, etc. are conducted by UPSC. You will have the same selection as the exam you give.
4. How many posts are there in UPSC
Answer: UPSC conducts examinations for recruitment in many types of posts and services. Common UPSC exams include the Engineering services exam, NDA exam, civil service exam, and Indian statistical services exam. These exams are for Group A and Group B level central government jobs. If you pass the exam, you can get an officer-level job. You get reputed jobs through this exam. There are many options available for those who want to become officers.
5. What are Jobs after clearing the UPSC exam?
- Indian Police Service
- Assistant provident fund commissioner
- CDS exam for defenses
- Civil Services
- Indian Postal Service
- Central Armed Police Forces (AC),
- Medical examination
- Indian Foreign Service
- Indian Revenue Service
- Indian Ordnance Factories Service
- Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’
- Indian Defense Accounts Service
We have given only a few examples here, which you can do after passing this exam. Apart from this, there are many services which come under it.
6. Is UPSC 2022 Result Date Announced?
7. When UPSC Exam Dates will be Released?
Answer: The UPSC exam date 2023 was announced at upsc.gov.in. The UPSC 2023 exam date by UPSC is September 16th, 2023. UPSC exam is to be held only once in an offline mode across the country. The notification of UPSC is usually released in January – February. But due to COVID, the academic session has been delayed, resulting in the postponement of the UPSC date of the exam. Aspirants are advised to track UPSC’s official website – upsc.gov.in regularly for any updates on UPSC 2023.
8. Can I prepare for the civil services exam even during graduation
Answer: Civil Services has always been popular as one of the most lucrative careers, but most students prepare for it after getting their bachelor’s degree. A major reason for this has been that a bachelor’s degree in itself is complex and labor-intensive. However, those who are already aiming to join the Civil Services can increase their chances through better strategic management during their graduation. For this read the books of NCERT for understanding the basic concepts during graduation. Emphasis on personality development i.e. putting your ideas in front of others, managing time, developing leadership ability, etc. For graduation, you can choose and study such subjects, which will later be helpful for you in the civil services examination.
9. What is the educational qualification needed to appear in the IAS exam?
Answer: For IAS aspirants must have Any degree (graduation) from any stream. It may be regular or distant. The candidate must hold a degree from any of the Universities included by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification. For details refer to Educational Qualification Requirement for UPSC IAS Exam.