First in India GK – Science, History, Polity, Sports

First in India: India has a rich history of pioneering achievements in various fields, highlighting its innovation and leadership in science, technology, governance, politics, defense, sports, and awards.

These milestones reflect the nation’s progress and the contributions of individuals and institutions in shaping India’s legacy. In this article, we will explore some notable pioneering achievements in India.

This is a static General Knowledge topic because the information provided will never change. The names and their achievements are permanently etched in India’s history. The article covers achievements in science and technology, governance, defense, sports, and architecture.

Discover India’s significant firsts in governance, politics, and defense, where groundbreaking policies and historic military feats showcase the nation’s journey of progress and influence on the global stage.

List of First in India Male

  1. First President of India: Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  2. First Prime Minister of India: Jawaharlal Nehru
  3. First Indian in Space: Rakesh Sharma
  4. First Indian to Climb Mount Everest: Tenzing Norgay (with Sir Edmund Hillary)
  5. First Indian to Win an Individual Olympic Gold Medal: Abhinav Bindra
  6. First Indian to Win a Nobel Prize: Rabindranath Tagore (Literature, 1913)
  7. First Indian to Win an Oscar: Bhanu Athaiya (Costume Design for Gandhi, 1982)
  8. First Indian to Win the Booker Prize: Arundhati Roy (1997)

List of First in India Female

  1. First Indian Woman in Space: Kalpana Chawla
  2. First Indian Woman Prime Minister: Indira Gandhi
  3. First Indian Woman President: Pratibha Patil
  4. First Indian Woman to Win an Individual Olympic Medal: Karnam Malleswari (Bronze in Weightlifting, Sydney 2000)
  5. First Indian Woman to Win Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen (1994)
  6. First Indian Woman to Win Miss World: Reita Faria (1966)
  7. First Indian Woman to Win an Olympic Silver Medal: P.V. Sindhu (Badminton, Rio 2016)
  8. First Indian Woman to Win an Olympic Bronze Medal: Sakshi Malik (Wrestling, Rio 2016)

First in India History

List of First in IndiaNames
First Governor-General of BengalWarren Hastings
First Governor-General of IndiaLord William Bentinck
First Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
First British Governor of BengalRobert Clive
First British Governor-General of Independent IndiaLord Mountbatten
First Indian to join the Indian Civil Services (ICS)Satyendranath Tagore
First British-built Indian RailwayRan from Bombay to Thane (1853)
First English Newspaper in IndiaHicky’s Bengal Gazette
First University in IndiaUniversity of Calcutta (1857)
First British Resident in DelhiSir David Ochterlony
First British Resident in HyderabadJames Achilles Kirkpatrick
First Indian Member of British ParliamentDadabhai Naoroji
First Indian to receive a knighthoodRao Bahadur M. Visvesvaraya
First British-established Indian Legislative CouncilCouncil of Bengal (1862)
First Indian to be elected to the House of CommonsDadabhai Naoroji

First in India General Knowledge

List of First in IndiaNames
First Movie in IndiaRaja Harishchandra
First National Park in IndiaJim Corbett National Park
First Newspaper in IndiaHicky’s Bengal Gazette
First Train in IndiaRan from Bombay to Thane
First Bank in IndiaBank of Hindustan
First Census in India1871
First Atom Bomb Test in IndiaPokhran I (Smiling Buddha)
First Masjid in IndiaCheraman Juma Masjid
First Mosque in IndiaCheraman Juma Masjid
First Nuclear Test in IndiaPokhran I (Smiling Buddha)

First in India Geography

List of First in IndiaNames
First Geographical Survey of IndiaGreat Trigonometrical Survey (1802-1871)
First State to be formed on linguistic basisAndhra Pradesh (1953)
First Biosphere Reserve in IndiaNilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986)
First Marine National ParkGulf of Kutch Marine National Park
First Desert National ParkDesert National Park, Rajasthan
First State to achieve 100% literacyKerala
First Indian State with 100% banking inclusionKerala
First Union Territory to achieve 100% literacyLakshadweep
First River Linking ProjectKen-Betwa River Linking Project
First State to be bifurcated after IndependencePunjab (1966)
First City to have Wi-FiMysuru
First City to implement the Smart City projectPune
First State to implement the Panchayati Raj SystemRajasthan (1959)
First Multilingual StateJammu and Kashmir
First State to launch a helicopter taxi serviceKarnataka

First in India Constitution

List of First in IndiaNames
First President of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad
First Vice President of IndiaDr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
First Prime Minister of IndiaJawaharlal Nehru
First Chief Justice of IndiaHarilal Jekisundas Kania
First Speaker of Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudev Mavalankar
First Governor-General of Independent IndiaC. Rajagopalachari
First Attorney General of IndiaM.C. Setalvad
First Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen
First Law Minister of IndiaDr. B.R. Ambedkar
First Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)V. Narahari Rao
First Woman Governor of an Indian StateSarojini Naidu
First Woman Chief Minister of an Indian StateSucheta Kriplani
First Woman Speaker of Lok SabhaMeira Kumar
First Amendment to the Constitution1951
First Schedule of the ConstitutionLists states and union territories

First in India in the field of Awards

List of First in IndiaNames
First Bharat Ratna AwardeeDr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
First Dadasaheb Phalke AwardeeDevika Rani
First Padma Vibhushan AwardeeSatyendra Nath Bose, Zakir Husain, and Nand Lal Bose
First Padma Bhushan AwardeeSatyendra Nath Bose, Zakir Husain, and Nand Lal Bose
First Padma Shri AwardeeMultiple recipients in 1954
First Jnanpith AwardeeG. Sankara Kurup
First Arjuna AwardeeSaleem Durani
First Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna AwardeeViswanathan Anand
First Ramon Magsaysay AwardeeVinoba Bhave
First Indian to win a Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
First Indian to win an OscarBhanu Athaiya
First Indian to win a Grammy AwardRavi Shankar
First Indian to win a Booker PrizeArundhati Roy
First Miss IndiaPramila (Esther Victoria Abraham)
First Filmfare Award for Best ActorDilip Kumar

Firsts in India: Sports and Awards

List of First in IndiaNames
First Indian to win an individual Olympic gold medalAbhinav Bindra
First Indian to win an individual Olympic silver medalRajyavardhan Singh Rathore
First Indian to win an individual Olympic bronze medalKarnam Malleswari
First Indian to win an individual World Cup (Cricket)Kapil Dev
First Indian to win an individual World Chess ChampionshipViswanathan Anand
First Indian to win an individual Grand Slam singles titleMahesh Bhupathi (Tennis – Doubles)
First Indian to score a Test centuryLala Amarnath
First Indian to score a double century in Test cricketPolly Umrigar
First Indian to score a triple century in Test cricketVirender Sehwag
First Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricketHarbhajan Singh
First Indian to take 10 wickets in a Test inningsAnil Kumble
First Indian to score a century in T20 International cricketSuresh Raina
First Indian to score a century in ODI cricketNawab of Pataudi (Senior)
First Indian to win an individual World Badminton ChampionshipPrakash Padukone
First Indian woman to win a Paralympic gold medalDevendra Jhajharia (Athletics – Javelin throw)

First in India: Science, Entertainment and Miscellaneous

List of First in IndiaNames
First Satellite launched by IndiaAryabhata
First Indigenous Satellite Launch VehicleSLV-3
First Supercomputer in IndiaPARAM 8000
First Indian in SpaceRakesh Sharma
First Cloned Animal in IndiaSamrupa (calf)
First Movie in IndiaRaja Harishchandra
First Talkie (sound) Film in IndiaAlam Ara
First Color Film in IndiaKisan Kanya
First Film to win an Oscar (Honorary)Mother India
First Indian to win Miss UniverseSushmita Sen
First Indian to win Miss WorldReita Faria
First Newspaper in IndiaHicky’s Bengal Gazette
First Post Office in IndiaKolkata (Calcutta)
First National Park in IndiaJim Corbett National Park
First Census in India1871

First in India: Government, Politics,

List of First in IndiaNames
First President of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad
First Prime Minister of IndiaJawaharlal Nehru
First Chief Justice of IndiaHarilal J. Kania
First Indian in SpaceRakesh Sharma
First Indian Woman in SpaceKalpana Chawla
First Indian to climb Mount EverestTenzing Norgay
First Indian Woman to climb Mount EverestBachendri Pal
First Field Marshal of IndiaSam Manekshaw
First Indian Governor-General of Independent IndiaC. Rajagopalachari
First Indian to win an Olympic gold medalAbhinav Bindra
First Indian Woman to win an Olympic medalKarnam Malleswari
First Indian to win Nobel Prize (Physics)C. V. Raman
First Indian Woman to win Nobel Prize (Literature)Mother Teresa
First Indian Nobel LaureateRabindranath Tagore
First Indian to win Booker PrizeArundhati Roy
First Indian Woman to win Booker PrizeArundhati Roy
First Indian to win Fields Medal (Mathematics)Manjul Bhargava
First Indian Woman to win Fields Medal (Mathematics)Maryam Mirzakhani
First Indian to receive Bharat RatnaC. Rajagopalachari
First Indian Woman to receive Bharat RatnaIndira Gandhi
First Indian to receive Padma VibhushanSatyendra Nath Bose
First Indian Woman to receive Padma VibhushanLata Mangeshkar
First Indian cricketer to score a triple century in TestsVirender Sehwag
First Indian Woman cricketer to score a double century in ODIsSmriti Mandhana
First Indian to cross the English ChannelMihir Sen
First Indian Woman to cross the English ChannelArati Saha
First Indian to receive Param Vir Chakra (posthumously)Major Somnath Sharma
First Indian Woman to receive Param Vir Chakra (posthumously)None
First Indian to climb Mount Everest twiceNawang Gombu
First Indian Woman to climb Mount Everest twiceSantosh Yadav
First Indian to win Puskás Award (FIFA)Sunil Chhetri
First Indian Woman to win Puskás Award (FIFA)Bala Devi
First Indian to win Miss WorldReita Faria
First Indian Woman to win Miss WorldReita Faria
First Indian to swim across the English ChannelMihir Sen
First Indian Woman to swim across the English ChannelArati Saha
First Indian to win an individual gold medal at Olympics (1928)Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav
First Indian Woman to win an individual gold medal at Olympics (2000)Karnam Malleswari
First Indian to win an individual silver medal at Olympics (2004)Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
First Indian Woman to win an individual silver medal at Olympics (2004)Karnam Malleswari
First Indian to win an individual bronze medal at Olympics (1952)K. D. Jadhav
First Indian Woman to win an individual bronze medal at Olympics (2012)Mary Kom
First Indian to win a Paralympic gold medalMurlikant Petkar
First Indian Woman to win a Paralympic gold medalDeepa Malik
First Indian to win an Academy Award (Oscar)Bhanu Athaiya
First Indian Woman to win an Academy Award (Oscar)Bhanu Athaiya
First Indian to win a Grammy AwardRavi Shankar
First Indian Woman to win a Grammy AwardTanvi Shah
First Indian to win a Pulitzer Prize for LiteratureJhumpa Lahiri
First Indian Woman to win a Pulitzer Prize for LiteratureJhumpa Lahiri
First Indian to win an Individual Gold Medal at World Badminton ChampionshipsPrakash Padukone
First Indian Woman to win an Individual Gold Medal at World Badminton ChampionshipsP. V. Sindhu
First Indian to score a double century in One Day Internationals (ODIs)Sachin Tendulkar
First Indian Woman to score a double century in One Day Internationals (ODIs)Smriti Mandhana
First Indian to be elected to the International Court of JusticeNagendra Singh
First Indian Woman to be elected to the International Court of JusticeDalveer Bhandari
First Indian to win the Man Booker International PrizeSalman Rushdie
First Indian Woman to win the Man Booker International PrizeArundhati Roy
First Indian to win the Pulitzer Prize for JournalismGobind Behari Lal
First Indian Woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for JournalismGeeta Anand
First Indian to win the Ramon Magsaysay AwardVinoba Bhave
First Indian Woman to win the Ramon Magsaysay AwardAruna Roy
First Indian to win the Dadasaheb Phalke AwardDevika Rani
First Indian Woman to win the Dadasaheb Phalke AwardDevika Rani
First Indian to win the Jnanpith AwardG. Sankara Kurup
First Indian Woman to win the Jnanpith AwardAshapoorna Devi
First Indian to win the UNESCO PrizeJ. C. Kumarappa
First Indian Woman to win the UNESCO PrizeVijaya Lakshmi Pandit
First Indian to reach AntarcticaLt. Ram Charan
First Indian Woman to reach AntarcticaMahel Musa
First Indian to reach North PoleBachendri Pal
First Indian Woman to reach North PoleKrushnaa Patil
First Indian to win the Fields Medal (Mathematics)Manjul Bhargava
First Indian Woman to win the Fields Medal (Mathematics)Maryam Mirzakhani
First Indian to receive the Sahitya Akademi AwardR. K. Narayan
First Indian Woman to receive the Sahitya Akademi AwardAmrita Pritam
First Indian to win the Ezhuthachan Puraskaram (Kerala)M. T. Vasudevan Nair
First Indian Woman to win the Ezhuthachan Puraskaram (Kerala)Madhavi Kutty
First Indian to win the Kalinga PrizeSatyendra Nath Bose
First Indian Woman to win the Kalinga PrizeRomila Thapar

First in India: Defence

List of First in IndiaNames
First Indian Chief of Army StaffGeneral K. M. Cariappa
First Indian Chief of Air StaffAir Marshal Subroto Mukerjee
First Indian Chief of Naval StaffVice Admiral R.D. Katari
First Indian Aircraft CarrierINS Vikrant
First Indian SubmarineINS Kalvari
First Indian MissilePrithvi I
First Indian Nuclear SubmarineINS Arihant
First Indian Defence SatelliteGSAT-7 (Rukmini)
First Indian to receive Param Vir ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
First Indian Fighter AircraftHAL Tejas
First Indigenous HelicopterHAL Dhruv
First Indian Anti-Satellite Missile TestMission Shakti
First Indian Strategic Missile CommandIntegrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP)
First Indian Nuclear TestPokhran I (Smiling Buddha)
First Indian Army RegimentPunjab Regiment

First in India: Entertainment and Other Fields

List of First in IndiaNames
First Movie in IndiaRaja Harishchandra (1913)
First Talkie (sound) Film in IndiaAlam Ara (1931)
First Color Film in IndiaKisan Kanya (1937)
First Film to win an International AwardNeecha Nagar (Cannes Film Festival, 1946)
First Indian to win an OscarBhanu Athaiya (Best Costume Design for Gandhi, 1982)
First Indian to win a Grammy AwardRavi Shankar (1967)
First Indian to win Miss UniverseSushmita Sen (1994)
First Indian to win Miss WorldReita Faria (1966)
First Indian Talk ShowPhool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan (1972)
First Indian Cartoon SeriesGhayab Aya (1990s)
First Indian Animation FilmThe Banyan Deer (1957)
First English Newspaper in IndiaHicky’s Bengal Gazette (1780)
First Radio Broadcast in IndiaIndian Broadcasting Company (1927)
First Television Broadcast in IndiaDoordarshan (1959)
First Indian NovelRajmohan’s Wife by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (1864)
First Indian Nobel LaureateRabindranath Tagore (Literature, 1913)

First in India: Architecture

List of First in IndiaNames
First Modern Planned CityChandigarh
First Rock-cut TempleKailasa Temple, Ellora
First MosqueCheraman Juma Mosque, Kerala
First FortFort St. George, Chennai
First Indian Building to Use Steel and Reinforced ConcreteEsplanade Mansion, Mumbai
First IIT CampusIIT Kharagpur
First SkywalkBandra Skywalk, Mumbai
First Tallest BuildingThe Imperial, Mumbai
First Railway StationChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai (formerly Victoria Terminus)
First Suspension BridgeHowrah Bridge, Kolkata
First Nuclear Power PlantTarapur Atomic Power Station
First Planned City of Independent IndiaBhubaneswar, Odisha
First Indian Metro SystemKolkata Metro
First UNESCO World Heritage Site in IndiaAjanta Caves and Ellora Caves (1983)
First Multi-Storeyed BuildingLIC Building, Chennai

First in India Adventure

List of First in India AdventureNames
First Indian to Climb Mount EverestTenzing Norgay (with Sir Edmund Hillary)
First Indian Woman to Climb Mount EverestBachendri Pal
First Indian to Ski to the South PoleAjeet Bajaj
First Indian to Skydive Solo from Mount EverestPhuntsok Wangyal
First Indian to Swim Across the English ChannelMihir Sen
First Indian Woman to Swim Across the English ChannelArti Shah
First Indian to Complete the Seven SummitsMalli Mastan Babu
First Indian to Paraglide Across the English ChannelDebu Choudhury
First Indian to Paraglide from Mount EverestShailendra Kumar
First Indian Woman to Paraglide from Mount EverestShweta Bhatt
First Indian to Raft Across the Seven SeasCaptain S.K. Singh
First Indian to Sail Solo Around the WorldDilip Donde
First Indian to Kite Surf Across the English ChannelJehan Driver

List of First in India: Banks

List of First in IndiaNames
First Bank in IndiaBank of Hindustan (1770)
First Bank with Indian OwnershipAllahabad Bank (1865)
First Bank to be NationalizedImperial Bank of India (now State Bank of India) (1955)
First Indian Bank to Open a Branch Outside IndiaBank of India (1946 in London)
First Bank to Introduce ATM in IndiaHSBC (1987 in Mumbai)
First Bank to Launch Internet BankingICICI Bank (1996)
First Bank to Launch Mobile Banking ServicesICICI Bank
First Indian Governor of the Reserve Bank of IndiaC.D. Deshmukh (1943)
First Indian Company Listed on NYSEInfosys (1999)
First Indian Stock ExchangeBombay Stock Exchange (BSE) (1875)
First Mutual Fund in IndiaUnit Trust of India (UTI) (1963)
First Credit Rating Agency in IndiaCredit Rating Information Services of India Limited (CRISIL) (1987)
First Indian to Win the Nobel Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen (1998)
First Regional Rural Bank (RRB)Prathama Bank (1975)
First Microfinance Institution in IndiaSEWA Bank (1974)

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