Class 6Chapter 4 – An Indian American Woman In Space
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Q A: Answer the following questions.
1. Where was Kalpana Chawla born? Why is she called an Indian-American? (3)
Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal, Haryana. She was called an Indian-American because she was a naturalised U. S.citizen, married to flight instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison.
2. When and why did she go to the U.S.? Who did she marry? (2, 3)
She went to the United States for a master’s degree. She was married to flight instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison.
3. How did she become an astronaut? What gave her the idea that she could be an astronaut? (3)
After qualifying as a pilot, Kalpana began to consider another challenge: applying to NASA’s space shuttle program. She was first hired as a research scientist at NASA. In 1994, she was selected by NASA for training as an astronaut. The idea that she could be an astronaut came from her desire to follow her dreams.
4. What abilities must an astronaut have, according to the journalist? (6)
According to the journalist, to be an astronaut one should have enormous ability. An astronaut must know a lot about everything, from biology to astrophysics to aeronautical engineering. In this age of super-specialisation, you must have encyclopaedic knowledge to be an astronaut.
5. Describe Kalpana Chawla’s first mission in space. (5)
Kalpana’s first space mission was in the space shuttle Columbia. It lasted for 15 days, 16 hours, and 34 minutes. During this time she went around the Earth 252 times, travelling 10.45 million kilometres. The crew included a Japanese and a Ukrainian astronaut. The crew performed experiments such as pollinating plants to observe food growth in space, and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips.
6. What does Kalpana Chawla say about pursuing a dream? Do you agree with her that success is possible? (7)
About pursuing a dream, Kalpana said that the path from dreams to success does exist. One needs to have the vision to find it, and the courage to get onto it. Yes, success is possible. Her life is an example of that.
Q B:Read the newspaper report to find the following facts about the Columbia’s ill-fated voyage.
l. Date and place of lift off: ____________________________
Date and place of lift off: 16th January, 2003; Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
2. Number of astronauts on board: __________________________
Number of astronauts on board: Seven.
3. Number of days it stayed in space: _________________________
Number of days it stayed in space: 16
4. Number of experiments done by scientists: _____________________
Number of experiments done by scientists: 80
5. Date of return journey: _____________________________
Date of return journey: 1st February, 2003
6. Height at which it lost contact: ________________________________
Height at which it lost contact: 200,000 feet.
Q A: Match the following.
1.unprecedented something that causes
space traged feelings of respect. and wonder
2.certified flight having knowledge of a
instructor wide variety of subjects
3. space mission nowadays in these times.
4. super. a set of jobs to be done
specialisation in space by a group
5.encyclopaedic a person with the correct
knowledge qualification to teach people to fly planes
6. awe-inspiring a sad accident of a kind
that has never happened before in space.
7. in this age. great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject
1.unprecedented A sad accident of a
space tragedy. kind that has never
happened in space
2.certified flight A person with the
instructor correct qualification to teach people to fly planes.
3.space mission A set of jobs to be done in space by a group.
4. super Great expertise in a
specialisation. limited field or a particular subject
5. encyclopaedic. Having knowledge
knowledge of a wide variety of subjects.
6. awe-inspiring Something that causes feelings of respect and wonder.
7. in this age Nowadays, in these times.
Q B: Use these phrases in sentences of your own, after finding out their meanings.
Answer: Divide violently into parts.
The glass broke apart when anni stepped on it .
2. streaked over
Answer: Flash brightly leaving a visible line
Fireworks streaked over the horizon when mumbai won the cricket match.
3.Spread across –
Answers: Distributed over a given area
Idea has a large network which is spread across all states.
4.Lifted off –
Answer: The action of an aircraft in becoming airborne
My flight lifted off at 1 A.M.
5.Blast off –
Answer: Action of a rocket leaving its launch pad
It is not an easy task to blast off a rocket properly.
6.Went on –
Though he faced many difficulties, the traveller went on to his goal.
7.Cheered along –
Answer: Stood by to shout their support
The crowd cheered along as Dhoni hit a century.
8.On board –
Answer: On a ship, plane or other vehicle
The passengers on board the ‘economy flights’ do not have a comfortable journey.
9.Carry on –
Answer: To conduct
Rescue operations were carried out by the army in spite of heavy rains.
Q C: We add ‘un-’ to make opposites.
For example, true — untrue.
Add ‘un’− to the words below to make their opposites. Then look up the meanings of the words you have formed in the dictionary.
l. identified Unidentified
7. interesting Uninteresting
8. qualified Unqualified
9. trained Untrained