General science solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 7 – Nutrition and diet

Maharashtra state board science Textbook Solutions for Class 6 Chapter 7 Nutrition and diet textbook solutions are very important and crusial that helps the students in understanding the complex topics. Class 6 Science textbook solutions helps you in the preparation of class 6 science board examination as well as verious compititive entrance examinations also. Studying the class 6 science answers to the questions in the science textbook will check your understanding of a particular topic and helps you determine your strengths and weaknesses.

We are providing class 6 science chapter 7 Substances in Daily Use worksheet, Maharashtra state board solutions for class 6 science chapter 7 and covers class 6 chapter 7 Nutrition and diet  extra questions. If you required  class 6 science chapter 7 pdf contact us, class 6 science chapter 7 Nutrition and diet  textbook solutions, class 6 science chapter 7 solutions in English, class 6 science chapter 7 pdf download and step by step detailed explanation of class 6 science chapter 7 Nutrition and diet.

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Important points to remember Nutrition and diet

  • In living things, the process of taking in food and water and using it for growth and other purposes is called ‘nutrition’, and the constituents of food useful for these purposes are called ‘nutrients’.
  • All that we consume during the day is together called our ‘diet’.
  • A diet containing adequate quantities of all nutrients is called a Balanced Diet.
  • Malnutrition occurs when all the nutrients that the body needs are not obtained in the proper proportions from the diet.
  • In order to earn more profits, cheaper substances of low quality are mixed with the foodstuffs.
  • These substances are called adulterants and adding them to foodstuffs is called adulteration of food.

Question 1. Fill in the Blanks

a) The process of intake of food and utilising it for all life processes is called nutrition.

b) All the substances in our food which are useful for various bodily processes are called nutrients.

c) Carbohydrates and fats provide energy to our body.

d) In a balanced diet, all the nutrients are present in the right proportion.

e) In the food pyramid, cereals are given the maximum space because they fulfil our nutritional requirement.

f) Intake of more food than necessary causes overnutrition.

Question 2: Spot the following in the table of vitamins and minerals

a) The nutrient present in citrous fruits.
Answer: The nutrient present in citrous fruits- Vitamin C

b) Vitamins / minerals present in milk.
Answer: Vitamins / minerals present in milk- Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D.

c) Causes and symptoms of night blindness, scurvy, rickets, beriberi.
Answer: Night blindness Causes Deficiency of Vitamin A Inability to see in dim light

Scurvy causes Deficiency of Vitamin C Bleeding of gums.

d) Foods required to prevent the above diseases.
Answer: Foods to avoid these diseases

Night blindness : Carrot, milk, butter, dark green vegetables, sweet potato
Scurvy: Amla, kiwi, oranges, other citrus fruits, tomato, green leafy vegetables
Rickets : Milk, fish, eggs and butter
Beri beri : Milk, fish, meat, cereals, nuts, pulses

e. Causes of Anaemia
Answer : Causes of anaemia- defeciency of iron can result in anaemia as it is required for the formation of red blood cells.

f) Essential mineral for healthy bones and teeth.
Answer :  Essential mineral for healthy bones and teeth- Vitamin D

g) Sensory organ affected due to the deficiency of Vitamin A
Answer : Sensory organ affected due to the deficiency of Vitamin A- Eyes

Question 3: Choose the correct alternative

a) Pulses are a very good source of ……….
1) carbohydrates
2) proteins
3) fats
4) minerals

Answer : Proteins

b) ………. provide maximum energy to the body.
1) Cereals
2) Leafy vegetables
3) Water
4) Amla

Answer : Cereals

c) Goitre is caused by a deficiency of the mineral ………. .
1) iron
2) calcium
3) iodine
4) potassium

Answer : iodine

d) ………. is a type of junk food.
1) Orange
2) Milk
3) Bhakri
4) Chocolate

Answer : Chocolate

Question 4: Use the food pyramid to select food items of your choice for three days

Conditions :
1) The diet for all three days should be balanced.
2) There should be variety in the items chosen for the three days.

Answer :
Day 1-
Cereal like cornflakes and milk, apple, roti, sabzi and dal

Day 2-
Bread and butter with milk, rice/ roti and chicken, curd, any one type of fruit, salad

Day 3-
Poha, green vegetable and dal with rice or roti, raita, one fruit, vegetable sandwich

# Can you Recall

1. Which are the various groups of foodstuffs? Name the ones you see in the pictures. Which main constituents of food do we get from them?
Answer : Foods from the basic food groups provide the nutrients essential for life and growth. These foods are also known as ‘everyday foods’. Each of the food groups provides a range of nutrients, and all have a role in helping the body function. In particular, vegetables, legumes and fruit protect against illness and are essential to a healthy diet.

What are the basic food groups ?
Answer : breads, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles and other grains vegetables and legumes fruit milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts and legumes.

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