MCQ on Higher Education System for UGC NET

UGC NET higher Education MCQ pdf: Higher education provides people with an opportunity to reflect on the critical, social, economical, cultural, moral, and spiritual issues faced by humanity. It contributes to national development through the dissemination of specialized knowledge and skills.

Therefore, it is considered a crucial factor for survival. Being at the apex of the educational pyramid, it also has a key role in producing teachers for the educational system.

Higher education is a key element in the ‘demographic dividend’ and also that it intends to make optimum utilization of human resources specifically in the age group from 15-59 years. Indian higher education system includes technical education and is one of the largest in the world just after the United States and China.

Higher Education MCQ for UGC NET

Higher Education MCQ

Higher Education UGC NET MCQ

1. The main government body at the tertiary level of education in India is______
(b) CBSE
(c) UGC
Answer: (c) UGC
The University Grants Commission (UGC) is the main government body responsible for coordinating and maintaining standards of higher education in India.

2. The Government established the University Grants Commission by an act of Parliament in the year________
(a) 1980
(c) 1950
(b) 1948
(d) 1956
Answer: (d) 1956
The UGC was established by an act of Parliament in 1956 to oversee and coordinate university education in India.

3. The tertiary education includes___________
(a) Primary and secondary education
(b) Higher education
(c) Vocational education and training
(d) Both (b) and (c)
Answer: (d) Both (b) and (c)
Tertiary education refers to higher education beyond secondary schooling, including both higher academic (universities) and vocational education and training.

4. Which of the following is the regulator of higher education?
(b) UGC
(d) MHRD
Answer: (b) UGC
The UGC is the regulator for higher education institutions in India, ensuring standards and quality across universities.

5. The idea of the Four Pillars of Education was suggested by__________
(b) NCTE
(c) UGC
Answer: (d) UNESCO
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) proposed the concept of the Four Pillars of Education: learning to know, learning to do, learning to live together, and learning to be.

6. The name of the plan to increase enrolment in the higher education institutions is__________
(a) Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
(b) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
Answer: (a) Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
RUSA is a centrally sponsored scheme launched to improve access, equity, and quality in higher education institutions across India.

7. Which of the following agency put forward the concept of a proactive university?
(a) UNDP
(d) UGC
Answer: (c) UNESCO
UNESCO proposed the idea of a proactive university that engages with its community and plays a key role in societal development.

8. Which of the following commissions recommended setting up UGC which is also known as the University Education Commission?
(a) Radhakrishnan commission
(b) Mudaliar commission
(c) Wardha commission
(d) Kothari commission
Answer: (a) Radhakrishnan commission
The Radhakrishnan commission recommended the establishment of the UGC (University Grants Commission), also known as the University Education Commission.

9. Which of the following committee’s reports is titled an education and national development report?
(a) Radhakrishnan commission
(b) Kothari commission
(c) Mudaliar commission report
(d) None of the above
Answer: (b) Kothari commission
The Kothari Commission report is titled “Education and National Development” and has been influential in shaping education policy in India.

10. National committee on 10 + 2 + 3 education structure set up in 1972 was headed by_______
(a) Dr. P. D. Shukla
(b) Dr. D. S. Kothari
(c) Dr. Radhakrishnan
(d) None of the above
Answer: (a) Dr. P. D. Shukla
Dr. P. D. Shukla headed the National Committee on 10 + 2 + 3 education structure, which led to the adoption of the current educational structure in India.

11. The following commissions were set up by the government or its agencies after independence. Arrange the following in chronological order (in terms of their Occurrence).
I) University Education Commission
II) Secondary Education Commission
III) Education Commission
(a) III, II, and I
(b) I, Il, and III
(c) II, I, and III
(d) I, III, and II
Answer: (b) I, II, and III
The correct chronological order of commissions is University Education Commission (1948-49), Secondary Education Commission (1952-53), and Education Commission (1964-66).

12. Which of the following committees recommended the spending of Rs. 500 crores to be spent on research in basic sciences every year by UGC?
(a) M. M. Sharma committee
(b) Kakodkar committee
(c) Prof. Yashpal’s committee
(d) None of the above
Answer: (a) M. M. Sharma committee
The M. M. Sharma committee recommended substantial funding for basic sciences research through the UGC.

14. Destiny of India is being shaped in her classroom’. This is stated in________
(a) National Policy on Education (1986)
(b) National Knowledge Commission (2005)
(c) Education Commission (1964-66)
(d) University Education Commission (1948-49)
Answer: (c) Education Commission (1964-66)
This statement is attributed to the Education Commission (1964-66), which emphasized the importance of education in shaping India’s future.

15. CHEER stands for________
(a) Children’s Enrichment Education through Radio
(b) Child health education electronic recording
(c) Children for Engineers and Energy Requirement
(d) None of the Above
Answer: (a) Children’s Enrichment Education through Radio
CHEER stands for Children’s Enrichment Education through Radio, a program aimed at providing educational content through radio broadcasts for children.

16. Which among the following constitute the majority of institutions within the university system?
(a) Central Universities
(c) Deemed universities
(b) State Universities
(d) Private universities
Answer: (b) State Universities
State universities constitute the majority of institutions within the university system in India.

17. Enrolments within the university system__________
(a) Central Universities
(c) Deemed universities
(b) State Universities
(d) Private universities
Answer: (b) State Universities
State universities typically have the highest enrolments within the university system due to their widespread presence and accessibility.

18. Which of the following agencies provides funding to Indira Gandhi National Open University?
(a) University Grants Commission
(b) Ministry of Human Resource Development
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
Answer: (b) Ministry of Human Resource Development
IGNOU receives funding from the Ministry of Human Resource Development (now known as the Ministry of Education) for its operations and initiatives.

19. The university that telecasts interactive educational programmes through its own channel is__________
(a) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad
(c) University of Pune
(d) Annamalai University
Answer: (b) IGNOU
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) telecasts interactive educational programs through its dedicated channel, Gyan Darshan.

20. Which of the following pairs of authorities are at the top of the hierarchy in the case of a Central University?
(a) Visitors and Chancellor
(b) Visitors and Vice-Chancellor
(c) Chancellor and Vice Chancellor
(d) Vice President and Vice Chancellors
Answer: (a) Visitors and Chancellor
The highest authorities in a Central University hierarchy are the Visitors (usually the President of India) and the Chancellor (appointed by the President).

21. The state with most universities is___________
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Rajasthan
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
Answer: (a) Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu has the highest number of universities among Indian states.

22. The state with most deemed universities is_________
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Karnataka
Answer: (a) Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu has the highest number of deemed universities among Indian states.

23. In which state of India the standard of education is highest_______
(a) Assam.
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Gujrat
(d) UP
Answer: (b) Maharashtra
Maharashtra is often considered to have one of the highest standards of education in India.

24. Which of the following bodies grants funds for higher education?
(a) The University Grants Commission (UGC)
(c) CBSE
Answer: (a) The University Grants Commission (UGC)
The UGC grants funds for higher education institutions in India to support their development and activities.

25. Which one of the following Councils has been disbanded in 2013?
(a) Distance Education Council (DEC)
(b) National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
(c) National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
(d) National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)
Answer: (a) Distance Education Council (DEC)
The Distance Education Council (DEC) was disbanded in 2013 and its functions were transferred to the UGC.

26. Which one of the following statements is not correct about the University Grants Commission (UGC)?
(a) It was established in 1956~by an Act of Parliament.
(b) It is tasked with promoting and coordinating higher education.
(c) It receives Plan and Non-Plan funds from the Central Government.
(d) It receives funds from State Governments in respect of State Universities
Answer: (d) It receives funds from State Governments in respect of State Universities
The UGC primarily receives funds from the Central Government and disburses them to universities and colleges under its purview.

27. Which of the following core value among the institutions of higher education are promoted by the NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council)?
(1) Contributing to national development.
(2) Fostering global competencies among students and teachers.
(3) Inculcating a value system among students and teachers.
(4) Promoting the optimum utilization of the infrastructure.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) (2), (3), and (4)
(b) (1), (2), and (3)
(c) (1), (3), and (4)
(d) (1), (2), (3), and (4)
Answer: (b) (1), (2), and (3)
NAAC promotes contributing to national development, fostering global competencies, and inculcating a value system among students and teachers in higher education institutions.

Read: GK Questions

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