Main Functions of Cytoplasm
■ The cytoplasm provides support to the cell and suspends cell organelles and cellular molecules within it.
■ The cytoplasm is the site for most of the metabolic reactions of the cells.
■ Many metabolic processes occur in the cytoplasm like protein synthesis, the first stage of cellular respiration (known as glycolysis), mitosis, and meiosis etc.
■ One of the important functions of cytoplasm is that it provides proper shape to cells. It fills the cells thus allowing the organelles to remain in place.
■ The cytoplasm acts as a regulator and protects the cell’s genetic material as well as cellular organisms from damage by motion and collision with other cells.
■ The cytoplasm contains many enzymes that are crucial in the breakdown of the waste products and to perform enzymatic reactions.
■ Another important function of the cytoplasm is it is involved in the transportation and removal of waste products from the cells through vesicles.
■ Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm. This reaction provides intermediates used by mitochondria to generate ATP.
■ The main function of the cytoplasm is it allows cells to maintain their turgidity, which enables the cells to hold their proper shape.
■ Translation of mRNA into proteins in ribosomes also occurs primarily in the cytoplasm.
■ In cytoplasm cyclosis occurs also called Cytoplasmic streaming ( The process in which substances are circulated within a cell. ) Cyclosus occurs in a different types such as plant cells, amoeba, protozoa, and fungi, etc.
■ Cytoplasm functions as a storage site, Various chemical molecules like lipids, fats, starch, etc) can be found floating within the cytoplasm.
■ The cytoplasm is rapidly realigned during cell division and the microtubules are formed into a spindle that attaches to the chromosomes and separates them into two daughter cells.
■ The cytoplasm also contains monomers that create the cytoskeleton, which is necessary for cells to have a specialized shape, in addition to being important for normal cell activities. For example, neurons with their long axons need intermediate filaments, fine tubes, and actin filaments to secure a frame.