Maharashtra Board class 10 social health exercise with answers

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Maharashtra Board class 10 social health exercise with answers:

Students can refer to the following social health chapter 9 textbook solutions for class 10 Science part II provided below based on the latest curriculum and examination pattern issued by the Maharashtra state board. Our subject experts have prepared these questions and answers for class 10 students. which covers all topics from your textbook so that students can assess themselves on all important topics and thoroughly prepare for their board exams.
We have provided below social health chapter 9 class 10 notes Science part II with answers which will help the students to go through the entire syllabus and practice textbook questions and answers provided here with solutions. You can download it in Pdf Format and score high in your board exam you should go through all social health chapter 9 Class 10 solutions provided below so that you can get more marks in your exams. 

Important points to Remember about Social health :

  1. Social health can be defined as the ability of a person to establish good relations with other persons.
  2.  The factors which are required for maintaining good social health are a strong personality, having a large number of friends and relatives, proper use of time during loneliness and with peer-group, respect, and acceptance for others, trust in others, etc.
  3. A person may get addicted to various harmful substances like alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, gutkha, drugs, etc. Following are the physical effects of various addictions on humans: Excessive consumption of liquor leads to a decrease in the efficiency of the nervous system (especially the brain) and liver and reduces the lifespan of the person. 
  4. In adolescents, it affects brain development and reduces the ability of memorization and learning.
  5.  Temporarily intoxicating drugs of plant origin as well as some chemicals can permanently damage the human nervous system, muscle system, heart, etc.
  6.  The use of tobacco can lead to cancer of the mouth and lungs.
  7. Competition has increased in opportunities for education, employment, and business due to the increase in population.
  8. Factors like ignorance towards people with incurable diseases like AIDS, T. B., leprosy, and mental disorders as well as old persons lead to an increase in old age homes and such factors also may cause harm to social health. 
  9. Fake accounts on social media sites like Facebook leads to teasing or financial exploitation of people. 
  10. Piracy of photos, videos, music, software, literature, etc. causes huge financial losses to the legal owner of these things. 
  11. Personal information and phone numbers get shared with others through social media sites like email, Facebook, and WhatsApp. 



Class 10 Social Health Textbook Solutions


1. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word.
a. Laughter club is a remedy to drive away — — — –.
Answer: Laughter club is a remedy to drive away mental stress.

b. Alcohol consumption mainly  affects — — — — system.
Answer:  Alcohol consumption mainly affects the nervous system.

c. The act — — — — is to curb cyber crimes.
Answer: The Act 2000 is to curb cyber crimes.

2. Answer the following.
a. Which factors affect social health?
Answer: Factors disturbing social health:
 
Mental Stress
  1. Competition has increased in opportunities for education, employment, and business due to the increase in population.
  2.  Children are facing the problems of loneliness and mental stress due to reasons like nuclear family and parents staying outdoors due to jobs. 
  3. There are many bindings on girls and excessive freedom for boys in some families.
  4. In society, too, adolescent girls have to unnecessarily face the problems like teasing and molestation. 
  5. Girls are facing the problem of stress due to such gender inequality. 
  6. Nowadays, everyone has to face stress due to ever-increasing disorder, crime, and violence. At the same time, people looking at this as a ‘fast and easy way of making money’ may become scapegoats and become part of such a system. This is the deadly effect of social illness.

Addiction :

  1. Children at their early age try tobacco, cigarette, gutkha, alcoholic drinks, drugs, etc. 
  2. due to either peer–group pressure or a symbol of a high standard of living or as an imitation of elders. 
  3. However, it may lead to addiction to such deadly substances. Temporarily intoxicating drugs of plant origin and some chemicals may permanently damage the human nervous system, muscle system, heart, etc. Earlier, we have studied the carcinogenic effect of tobacco-containing substances on the mouth and lungs.

Incurable disease
  1. Factors like ignorance towards people with incurable diseases like AIDS, T. B., leprosy, and mental disorders as well as old persons lead to an increase in old age homes and such factors also may cause harm to social health.


b. Which changes occur in persons 
continuously using the internet and 
mobile phones?
Answer: communication media is becoming a sensitive issue from the viewpoint of social health.
  1. Persons spending time with cell phones for several hours are usually unaware of their surroundings. This is also a sort of addiction and leads to endangering social health. 
  2. Various physical problems like tiredness, headache, insomnia, forgetfulness, tinnitus, joint pains, and problems in vision may arise due to the radiation of cell phones.
  3.  A more serious fact is those radiations penetrate the bones of children more effectively than the bones of adults.
  4.  Persons continuously using the computers and internet become solitary. They cannot establish harmonious relations with relatives and other members of the society. 
  5. Habitually, they become self-centered and thereby they may develop problems like autism and selfishness. They become less sensitive towards others. 
  6. The chronic effect of such a tendency is that they are not ready to help others in need and hence they also do not get it in need.

c. Which problems do the common 
man faces due to incidences of 
cybercrime?
Answer :
  1.  The sale of inferior quality or impaired items than those shown on online shopping websites deceives customers.
  2. Online bank transactions are done by using the PIN without the knowledge of the customers, which results in financial loss to the customers.
  3. Hacking of confidential information of government, institutes, and companies through the internet, puts the data of the general public at risk.
  4.  Fake accounts on social media sites like Facebook leads to teasing or financial exploitation of people.
  5.  Piracy of photos, videos, music, software, literature, etc. causes huge financial losses to the legal owner of these things. 
  6. The circulation of derogatory messages, vulgar pictures, and inflammatory statements on electronic media leads to tensions in society.
  7.  Personal information and phone numbers get shared with others through social media sites like email, Facebook, and WhatsApp. This may lead to the incoming of unwanted messages which can impair or shut down the mobiles and computers.

d. Explain the importance of good communication with others.
Answer : 

  1.  Communication is extremely useful for expressing feelings. Different methods of expression include communicating with friends, colleagues, cousins, teachers as well as our parents.
  2.  Expressing our feelings through communication with near and dear ones, noting down our feelings, etc. helps us to relieve stress.
  3.  Communication also helps to spread knowledge and to build healthy relationships. Good communication with family members, friends, etc. can help us establish harmonious relationships with others in society.


3. Solve the following crossword
1. Continuous consumption of alcoholic and tobacco materials.
2. This app may cause cyber crimes.
3. A remedy to resolve stress.
4. Requirement for stress-free life.
5. Various factors affect — — — health.
6. Art of preparing food items.

Answer: 

Social health


5. Give three examples of each.
a. Hobbies to reduce stress.
Answer: material collection, photography, reading, cooking.

b. Diseases endangering the social 
health.
Answer: AIDS, Tuberculosis, Leprosy.

c. Physical problems arising due to 
excessive use of mobile phones.
Answer: tiredness, headache, insomnia, forgetfulness, tinnitus.

d. Activities under the jurisdiction of 
cybercrime laws.
Answer : 
  1. Fake accounts on social media sites like Facebook leads to teasing or financial exploitation of people. 
  2. Piracy of photos, videos, music, software, literature, etc. causes huge financial losses to the legal owner of these things. 
  3. Personal information and phone numbers get shared with others through social media sites like email, Facebook, and WhatsApp.

6. What will you do? Why?
a. You are spending more time on the internet/mobile games, phones, etc.
AnswerI will stop spending so much time on the internet/mobile games, phone, etc. because: They cause various physical changes in our bodies. Causes headaches, insomnia, tiredness, forgetfulness, vision problem, and many more. I would make a conscious effort to take out more time for social gatherings and starts working on other things which I would love to do such as painting, cooking, crafting, singing, and dancing.


b. Child of your neighbor is addicted to tobacco chewing.

Answer: if I found my neighbor’s child is addicted to tobacco. I would be to inform his parents. I would sit with that tobacco-chewing child and try to explain to him the harmful effects of tobacco chewing like use of tobacco can lead to cancer of the mouth and lungs. I will show him/her various videos and pictures which highlight the damage caused by tobacco chewing. If required, we can take the child for professional advice.

c. Your sister has become incommunicative. She prefers to remain alone.
Answer:  I will talk to her and try to find out the reason for her aloofness and stress. I will discuss her problem and help her find a solution to her problem. I will try to get her to speak with family members and participate in family discussions, family functions, etc. I would also encourage her to pursue her hobbies. This can help her divert her mind from the issues that are troubling her.  If required I will advise her to consult a professional counsellor and discuss her problems.


d. You have to use free space around 
your home for good purposes.
Answer: If free space is available around my house I will definitely utilize itThe free space around my home can be used to make a small garden. Nursery of saplings can also be started in this free space.
Also, I will make a small playground for outdoor games like cricket, football, etc.

e. Your friend has developed the hobby of snapping selfies.
Answer: If my friend is addicted to taking selfies, I would prefer talking to him and highlighting the dangers of taking selfies. I would show him/ her various incidents which have occurred due to this selfie addiction.

f. Your brother studying in XII has developed stress.
Answer: I will take out some time to deal with the problem that he is suffering through. If he is worried about the class XII board exam motivate him for exam-related problemsIf required I will advise him to consult a professional counsellor and discuss his problems.

g. What type of changes occurs in a home having a chronically ill old person? How will you help to maintain a good atmosphere?
Answer: a good environment should be maintained around the old ill person. I am asking some tricky questions to improve their thinking ability. It helps them to recover within a few days. Also, We should maintain a good atmosphere in the house. We should help the person who is burdened by the duties towards the sick patient by helping them.

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