# Logical Reasoning MCQs Questions and Answers Pdf Download :

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## logical Reasoning question and answer pdf

1. Deduction and induction are two main forms of_________

A. Concept

B. Assumption

C. Beliefs

D. Reasoning

2. The process by which conclusion is arrived at on the basis of other proposition is termed as_________

A. Inference

B. Conference

C. Concept

D. Connotation

3. which of the following terms, deduction inference can be identified?

A. Synthetic

B. Analytic

C. Both (a) and (b)

D. None of the above

4. Which of the following can be defined as a group of statements that have common conclusion?

A. Argument

B. Fallacy

C.Proposition

D.Concept

4. The premises provide conclusive grounds for conclusion in______

A. Inductive reasoning

B. Intuitive reasoning

C. Deductive reasoning

D. None of the above

5. The defining feature of a valid deduction is its_________

A. Vagueness

B. Indefiniteness

C. Certainty

D. Uncertainty

6. Inductive arguments are typically____________

A. Analytic

B. Intuitive

C. Synthetic

D. Aesthetic

7. The relationship between premises and conclusion in a deductive argument is basically of__________

A. Cause-effect

B. Implication-entailment

C. Analytic- synthetic

D. None of the above

8. In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is____________

A. Probable

B. Definite

C. Certain

D. Predictable

9. Inductive arguments are properly characterized as___________

A.Valid-invalid

B.Definite-indefinite

C.Certain-uncertain

D. Strong-weak

10. Which of the following describes a valid deductive argu-ment with true premises?

A. Sound

B.Fallacious

C. Unsound

D. Ambiguity

11. A deductive argument is sound if and only if it is________

A. Valid and all its premises are true

B Invalid and all its premises are true

C. Is valid and one of the premise is false

D. Is valid and its conclusion is false

12. Lakshmana is a morally good person because___________

A. He is religious.

B. He is rich.

C. He is educated.

D. He is rational.

13. ln terms of nature, both the premises and conclusion of

an argument are_______

A. Commands

B. Exclamations

C. Proposition

D. Questions

14. Which of the following denotes a statement off relation between two terms?

A. Proposition

B. Syllogism

C. Denotation

D. None of the above

15. Structure of a logical argument is based on_________

A. Formal validity

B. Material truth

C. Linguistic expression

D. Aptness of examples

16. In a deductive argument, conclusion is_________

A. Summing up of the premises

B. Not necessarily based on premises

C. Entailed by the premises

D. Additional to the premises

17. Syllogistic reasoning is_________

A. Deductive

B. Inductive

C. Experimental

D. Hypothetical

18.A Syllogism must have______

A. Three terms

B. Six terms

C. Four terms

D. Five terms

19. The two kinds of propositions are_________

A. Connotative-denotative

B. Categorical-conditional

C. Both (a) and (b)

D. None of the above

20. Which of the following denotes relation between two terms?

A. Subject

B. Object

C. Predicate

D. Copula

21. In logical reasoning, Truth or falsehood is usually associated with_______

A. Inferences

B. Arguments

C. Proposition

D. Syllogism

22. Validity or invalidity may be predicted of________

A. Deductive arguments

B. Terms

C. Propositions

D. Concepts

23. The falsehood of a valid deductive argument’s conclusion guarantees that________

A. The argument is sound

B. At least one of the premise is false

C.  Premises are true

D. The validity is uncertain

24. To be critical, thinking must be________

A. Practical

B. Individually satisfying

C. Socially relevant

D. Analytical

25. Deductive argument involves__________

A. Sufficient evidence

B. Critical thinking

C.  Seeing logical relation

D. Repeated observation

26. A fallacy is a___________

A. True argument

B. Valid argument

C.  False argument

D. Invalid argument

27. Inductive reasoning is based on________

A. Uniformity of nature

B. God created the world

C. Unity of nature

D. Laws of nature

28. The sum total of the objects to which term can be applied is its

A. Connotation

B. Meaning

C. Denotation

D. Function

29. Denotation is the same as________

A. Extension

B. Value

C. Intension

D. Dictionary

30.The function of suggesting qualities possessed by the objects is known as______

A. Evaluating

B. Connoting

C. Denoting

D. Meaning

31. Connotation is the same as________

A. Extension

B. Meaning

C. value

D. intension

32. In a categorical proposition, the predicate is either affirmed or denied of the subject

A. Unconditionally

B. Emotionally

C. Conditionaly

D. None of the above

33. The proposition ‘if you work hard you will succeed’ is an example or_________

A. Categorical proposition

B. Conditional proposition

C. Negative proposition

D. Pre-emptive proposition

34. A disjunctive proposition is a type of_______

A. Conditional proposition

B. Unconditional proposition

C. Categorical proposition

D. Imperative proposition

35. The proposition no men are perfect is an example of_____

A. Universal affirmative

B. Universal negative

C. Particular affirmative

D. Particular negative

36. ‘Some flowers are green’ is an example of_______

A. Universal affirmative

B. Universal negative

C. Particular affirmative

D. Particular negative

37. The proposition ‘some Indians are not spiritual is an example for________

A. Universal affirmative

B. Particular affirmative

C. Universal negative

D. Particular negative

38. When a term is used in its entire extent, referring to the objects denoted by the term, it is said to be_________

A. Undistributed

B. Excluded

C. Distributed

D. Verified

39. When a term refers only to a part of the class of things denoted by the term that term is said to be_______

A. Undistributed

B. Distributed

C. Unexcluded

D. Verified

40. Universal affirmative proposition distributes_______

A. Subject

B. Predicate

C. Both subject and predicate

D. Neither subject nor predicate

41. Universal negative proposition distributes

A. Subject

B. Predicate

C. Both subject and predicate

D. Neither subject nor predicate

42. Particular affirmative proposition distributes

A. Subject

B. Predicate

C. Both subject and predicate

D. Neither subject nor predicate

43. The quantity of the proposition is determined By the extension of the

A. Subject

B. Predicate

C. Both subject and predicate

D. Copula

44. In a conditional proposition, the part which expresses the condition by “if or its equivalent is________

A. Antecedent

B. Consequent

C. Meaning

D. Opposite

45. Which of the following terms describe the syllogism?

A. Mediate and deductive

B. Immediate and deductive

C. Mediate and inductive

D. Immediate inductive

46. The major term is the_______

A. Subject of the conclusion

B. Copula

C. Predicate of the conclusion

D. Predicate of the minor premise

47. The minor term is the_______

A. Subject of the conclusion

B. Predicate of the conclusion

C.  Subject of the major premise

D. Predicate of the major premise

48. That term which occurs in the premises and not in the conclusion is__________

A. Major term

B. Middle term

C. Minor term

D  None of the above

49. Which of the following performs the function of an intermediary?

A. Major term

B. Minor term

C. Middle term

D. Copula