Download CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus Pdf 2024-25

Class 12 Physics Syllabus: The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has recently unveiled the new Class 12 Physics Syllabus for the upcoming academic session, 2024-25. Despite ongoing class 12 exams, this proactive move by the board aims to assist students transitioning into the new session with an updated curriculum. Providing early access to the CBSE syllabus allows students to effectively plan their studies and adapt to their new grade system.

In this article, we present the new CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus, which students can download from the direct links provided below. The syllabus covers various aspects of physics, offering insights into the course structure for the 2024-25 academic year.

Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Students can familiarize themselves with the chapters and topics they will study in physics. Additionally, the new CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus for 2024-25 also outlines the exam pattern and assessment criteria, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of the curriculum.

The Senior Secondary stage of school education marks a transition from general education to a curriculum focused on discipline-based learning. The updated Class 12 Physics Syllabus aims to maintain a balance between the rigor and depth of disciplinary approach while ensuring it is comprehensible for learners. Care has been taken to align the Class 12 Physics Syllabus with international standards to enhance its quality and relevance. Key features of the updated Class 12 Physics Syllabus include:

  1. Emphasis on developing a basic conceptual understanding of the content.
  2. Utilization of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities, and formulations in line with international standards.
  3. Logical sequencing of units to facilitate better understanding and linking of concepts.
  4. Reduction of curriculum load by eliminating overlaps between concepts within the discipline and with other disciplines.
  5. Promotion of process skills, problem-solving abilities, and practical applications of Physics concepts.

These features are designed to enhance the learning experience and prepare students for academic and professional pursuits in the field of Physics.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus Unitwise and Chapterwise

The curriculum for Class 12 Physics Syllabus aims to reinforce the concepts acquired during the secondary stage, laying a robust foundation for advanced learning in the subject. It endeavors to familiarize students with various processes employed in industrial and technological applications related to Physics.

Furthermore, the Class 12 Physics Syllabus focuses on cultivating essential skills such as experimental, observational, manipulative, decision-making, and investigatory skills among learners. It also strives to enhance problem-solving abilities and foster creative thinking.

Additionally, the class xii physics syllabus aims to develop conceptual competence in students, enabling them to recognize and appreciate the interconnectedness of Physics with other disciplines.

Unit No.Unit NameNo. of PeriodsMarks
Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
IICurrent Electricity18
Chapter 3: Current Electricity
IIIMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter
IVElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents24
Chapter 6: Work, Energy and Power
Chapter 7: Alternating Current
VElectromagnetic Waves0418
Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10: Wave Optics
VIIDual Nature of Radiation and Matter8
Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
VIIIAtoms and Nuclei15
Chapter 12: Atoms
Chapter 13: Nuclei
IXElectronic Devices107
Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Class 12 Physics Syllabus
Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Class 12 Physics Chapters with IMP Points to Study

Class 12 Physics ChaptersImportant Points to Study
Chapter 1: Electric Charges and FieldsConcept of electric charge and its properties – Coulomb’s law and its applications – Electric field and electric field lines – Electric flux – Gauss’s law and its applications
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and CapacitanceElectrostatic potential and potential difference – Electric potential due to a point charge, due to a system of charges – Equipotential surfaces – Capacitors and capacitance
Chapter 3: Current ElectricityElectric current and its types – Ohm’s law and its limitations – Electrical resistance and resistivity – Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications – Potentiometer and its principle
Chapter 4: Moving Charges and MagnetismMagnetic force on a moving charge in a magnetic field – Magnetic force on a current-carrying conductor – Biot-Savart law and its applications – Ampere’s law and its applications
Chapter 5: Magnetism and MatterMagnetic field intensity (H) and magnetic flux density (B) – Magnetic properties of materials – Classification of magnetic materials – Magnetic susceptibility and permeability
Chapter 6: Electromagnetic InductionElectromagnetic induction and Faraday’s laws – Lenz’s law and its applications – Self-induction and mutual induction – Eddy currents and their applications – Alternating currents and voltage
Chapter 7: Alternating CurrentAC generator and transformer – Peak and RMS value of AC – LCR series circuit and its resonance – Power in AC circuits – Power factor and its significance
Chapter 8: Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic waves and their characteristics – Displacement current – Electromagnetic spectrum and its applications – Production and detection of electromagnetic waves
Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical InstrumentsReflection and refraction of light – Laws of reflection and refraction – Total internal reflection and its applications – Lens formula and lens maker’s formula – Magnification and optical instruments
Chapter 10: Wave OpticsWavefronts and Huygens’ principle – Interference of light waves – Young’s double-slit experiment – Diffraction of light – Polarization of light and its applications
Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and MatterDual nature of radiation and matter – Photoelectric effect and its experimental setup – Einstein’s photoelectric equation and its applications – Particle nature of electromagnetic radiation
Chapter 12: AtomsAtomic structure and Bohr’s model – Hydrogen spectrum and its significance – Dual nature of matter and De Broglie wavelength – Quantum mechanical model of the atom
Chapter 13: NucleiComposition and size of nucleus – Nuclear force – Radioactivity and its types – Decay law and half-life – Nuclear energy and its applications
Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple CircuitsConductors, semiconductors, and insulators – Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors – p-n junction diode and its characteristics – Semiconductor diode as a rectifier – Special-purpose p-n junction diodes and their applications
Chapter 15: Communication SystemsElements of a communication system – Basic terminology used in electronic communication systems – Modulation and its types – Amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) – Communication satellites and their applications

MCQ of Physics Class 12 Chapter wise with Answers Pdf

Question Paper Design for CBSE Class 12 Physics

Here the below table provides a detailed breakdown of the question paper design for CBSE Class 12 Physics, including the type of questions, number of questions, marks per question, and total marks for each section.

Class 12 Physics Syllabus
Class 12 Physics Syllabus
SectionType of QuestionsNumber of QuestionsMarks per QuestionTotal Marks
Section A: Very Short Answer (VSA)Objective Type Questions (1 mark each)515
Section B: Short Answer I (SA I)Short Answer Questions (2 marks each)7214
Section C: Short Answer II (SA II)Short Answer Questions (3 marks each)12336
Section D: Long Answer (LA)Long Answer Questions (5 marks each)3515
Total Marks2770

Key Points about Class 12 Physics Syllabus:

  • The question paper consists of four sections: A, B, C, and D.
  • Section A contains very short answer type questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
  • Section B contains short answer type I questions. Each question carries 2 marks.
  • Section C contains short answer type II questions. Each question carries 3 marks.
  • Section D contains long answer type questions. Each question carries 5 marks.
  • The total marks for the question paper is 70.
  • Students are required to answer all sections.
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