# Download CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus Pdf 2024-25 Free

The CBSE has released the Class 11 Physics Syllabus for the 2024-25 academic year, providing students with valuable guidance for their board exam preparation. This syllabus outlines the course structure, marks distribution for each unit, and the number of periods allocated for each topic.

Additionally, it includes information about reference books, projects, assignments, and practicals. Understanding the Class 11 Physics Syllabus thoroughly can assist students in planning their studies effectively. Below, you’ll find links to the PDFs of the syllabus for all chapters included in Class 11 Physics Syllabus.

It’s essential for students to review the Class 11 Physics Syllabus before beginning exam preparation. Familiarizing themselves with the CBSE Physics syllabus for Class 11 will help students understand the topics and concepts they need to cover. Moreover, the board exam question paper is designed in accordance with this syllabus, making it crucial for students’ success.

Ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus will empower students to achieve better learning outcomes and excel in their academic endeavors.

## CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus Course Structure

## Detail CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus

The Class 11 Physics syllabus at the Higher Secondary Stage is designed to facilitate the transition from general science to a discipline-based curriculum. The syllabus maintains a disciplinary approach with depth and rigor suitable for learners at this stage. Care has been taken to ensure that the syllabus is not overly burdensome while also aligning with international standards.

The syllabus is structured logically, with concepts arranged in a sequential manner to facilitate understanding and highlight their interconnections. It aims to spark an interest in Physics among learners and impart useful concepts applicable to real-life situations, making the study of Physics relevant, meaningful, and engaging. Through this syllabus, learners are encouraged to recognize and appreciate the connections between Physics and other disciplines.

The Class 11 Physics syllabus focuses on:

- Building a strong grasp of fundamental concepts.
- Developing problem-solving skills and applying Physics in real-life situations.
- Using internationally recognized SI units, symbols, and nomenclature.
- Exploring Physics-related technological and industrial applications.
- Organizing the curriculum logically to aid comprehension.
- Streamlining the content to avoid redundancy and ensure depth where necessary.
- Structuring the syllabus into units spread over two years, with clear time allocations for each.
- Including practical work and investigatory projects to enhance learning.
- Implementing Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation to assess understanding effectively.

## Unit I: Physical World and Measurement (8 Periods)

**Chapter–2: Units and Measurements Understanding the Need for Measurement:** Exploring the importance of measurement; Different types of units; Introduction to SI units (System International), including fundamental and derived units; Significance of significant figures; Understanding dimensions of physical quantities, and the application of dimensional analysis.

## Unit II: Kinematics (24 Periods)

**Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line Describing Motion:** Introduction to frames of reference; Study of motion along a straight line; Basic concepts of differentiation and integration in motion description; Differentiating between uniform and non-uniform motion; Understanding instantaneous velocity and uniformly accelerated motion; Analyzing velocity-time and position-time graphs; Graphical treatment of uniformly accelerated motion.

**Chapter–4:** **Motion in a Plane Scalar and Vector Quantities:** Differentiating scalar and vector quantities; Introducing position and displacement vectors; Overview of general vectors and their notation; Operations on vectors including addition, subtraction, and multiplication by a real number; Understanding unit vectors and vector resolution in a plane; Discussion on scalar and vector products of vectors. Motion in a Plane: Exploring cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration; Introduction to projectile motion and uniform circular motion.

## Unit III: Laws of Motion (14 Periods)

**Chapter–5:** **Laws of Motion Understanding Force and Motion:** Intuitive concept of force; Introduction to inertia; Newton’s three laws of motion – First law (law of inertia), Second law (relation between force and momentum), Third law (action and reaction); Exploring momentum and impulse; Applications of the law of conservation of linear momentum; Discussion on equilibrium, static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, and lubrication. Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion: Exploring centripetal force and examples of circular motion.

## Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power (14 Periods)

**Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power Work, Energy, and Power:** Understanding work done by constant and variable forces; Introduction to kinetic energy and work-energy theorem; Concept of power. Potential Energy and Collisions: Introduction to potential energy, specifically potential energy of a spring; Overview of conservative and non-conservative forces; Analysis of motion in a vertical circle; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

## Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body (18 Periods)

**Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion Centre of Mass and Rotational Motion: **Discussion on centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion; Understanding centre of mass of a rigid body and a uniform rod. Introduction to Torque and Angular Momentum: Explanation of moment of a force, torque, and angular momentum; Applications of the law of conservation of angular momentum; Equilibrium of rigid bodies and equations of rotational motion; Comparison between linear and rotational motions. Moment of Inertia and Rotational Dynamics: Understanding moment of inertia, radius of gyration, and values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects.

## Unit VI: Gravitation (12 Periods)

**Chapter–8:** **Gravitation Kepler’s Laws and Universal Law of Gravitation:** Overview of Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and the universal law of gravitation. Acceleration Due to Gravity and Gravitational Potential: Analysis of acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth; Discussion on gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential, and escape speed.

## Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter (24 Periods)

**Chapter–9:** **Mechanical Properties of Solids Understanding Elasticity: **Introduction to elasticity; Exploring stress-strain relationship; Explanation of Hooke’s law and Young’s modulus; Introduction to bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (briefly), and Poisson’s ratio; Overview of elastic energy.

**Chapter–10:** **Mechanical Properties of Fluids Fluid Pressure:** Discussion on pressure due to a fluid column; Applications of Pascal’s law, such as hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes; Examination of the effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Fluid Dynamics: Introduction to viscosity and Stokes’ law; Understanding terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, and Bernoulli’s theorem; Exploration of surface energy, surface tension, and their applications, including capillary rise.

**Chapter–11:** **Thermal Properties of Matter Heat and Temperature: **Explanation of heat and temperature; Overview of thermal expansion, including expansion of solids, liquids, and gases, and anomalous expansion of water; Introduction to specific heat capacity, calorimetry, and change of state with latent heat capacity. Heat Transfer: Examination of heat transfer mechanisms – conduction, convection, and radiation; Overview of thermal conductivity and qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, and Stefan’s law.

## Unit VIII: Thermodynamics (12 Periods)

**Chapter–12: Thermodynamics Understanding Thermal Equilibrium: **Definition of thermal equilibrium and temperature; Introduction to the zeroth law of thermodynamics; Exploration of heat, work, and internal energy; Overview of the first law of thermodynamics. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Introduction to the second law of thermodynamics; Discussion on processes in the gaseous state – isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes.

## Unit IX: Behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases (8 Periods)

**Chapter–13:** **Kinetic Theory Equation of State and Kinetic Interpretation:** Understanding the equation of state of a perfect gas and work done in compressing a gas; Introduction to kinetic theory of gases – assumptions and concept of pressure; Examination of kinetic interpretation of temperature, rms speed of gas molecules, and degrees of freedom. Mean Free Path and Avogadro’s Number: Introduction to mean free path and Avogadro’s number.

## Unit X: Oscillations and Waves (26 Periods)

**Chapter–14: Oscillations Periodic Motion:** Understanding periodic motion, including time period, frequency, and displacement as a function of time; Exploration of periodic functions and their applications. Simple Harmonic Motion: Introduction to simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; Analysis of oscillations of a loaded spring, including restoring force, force constant, and energy in S.H.M.; Derivation of expression for the time period of a simple pendulum.

**Chapter–15:** **Waves Wave Motion:** Overview of wave motion, including transverse and longitudinal waves; Examination of the speed of a traveling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, and principle of superposition of waves. Standing Waves and Beats: Introduction to reflection of waves and standing waves in strings and organ pipes; Discussion on fundamental mode, harmonics, and beats.

## Download Class 11 Physics Syllabus

# MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics with Answers Pdf

**Chapter 1: Physical World****Chapter 2: Units and Measurements****Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line****Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane****Chapter 5: Laws of Motion****Chapter 6: Work, Energy, and Power****Chapter 7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion****Chapter 8: Gravitation****Chapter 9: Mechanical Properties of Solids****Chapter 10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids****Chapter 11: Thermal Properties of Matter****Chapter 12: Thermodynamics****Chapter 13: Kinetic Theory****Chapter 14: Oscillations****Chapter 15: Waves**

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